Source code for detectron2.modeling.meta_arch.panoptic_fpn

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# Copyright (c) Facebook, Inc. and its affiliates.

import logging
from typing import Dict, List
import torch
from torch import nn

from detectron2.config import configurable
from detectron2.structures import ImageList

from ..postprocessing import detector_postprocess, sem_seg_postprocess
from .build import META_ARCH_REGISTRY
from .rcnn import GeneralizedRCNN
from .semantic_seg import build_sem_seg_head

__all__ = ["PanopticFPN"]


@META_ARCH_REGISTRY.register()
class PanopticFPN(GeneralizedRCNN):
    """
    Implement the paper :paper:`PanopticFPN`.
    """

    @configurable
    def __init__(
        self,
        *,
        sem_seg_head: nn.Module,
        combine_overlap_thresh: float = 0.5,
        combine_stuff_area_thresh: float = 4096,
        combine_instances_score_thresh: float = 0.5,
        **kwargs,
    ):
        """
        NOTE: this interface is experimental.

        Args:
            sem_seg_head: a module for the semantic segmentation head.
            combine_overlap_thresh: combine masks into one instances if
                they have enough overlap
            combine_stuff_area_thresh: ignore stuff areas smaller than this threshold
            combine_instances_score_thresh: ignore instances whose score is
                smaller than this threshold

        Other arguments are the same as :class:`GeneralizedRCNN`.
        """
        super().__init__(**kwargs)
        self.sem_seg_head = sem_seg_head
        # options when combining instance & semantic outputs
        self.combine_overlap_thresh = combine_overlap_thresh
        self.combine_stuff_area_thresh = combine_stuff_area_thresh
        self.combine_instances_score_thresh = combine_instances_score_thresh

[docs] @classmethod def from_config(cls, cfg): ret = super().from_config(cfg) ret.update( { "combine_overlap_thresh": cfg.MODEL.PANOPTIC_FPN.COMBINE.OVERLAP_THRESH, "combine_stuff_area_thresh": cfg.MODEL.PANOPTIC_FPN.COMBINE.STUFF_AREA_LIMIT, "combine_instances_score_thresh": cfg.MODEL.PANOPTIC_FPN.COMBINE.INSTANCES_CONFIDENCE_THRESH, # noqa } ) ret["sem_seg_head"] = build_sem_seg_head(cfg, ret["backbone"].output_shape()) logger = logging.getLogger(__name__) if not cfg.MODEL.PANOPTIC_FPN.COMBINE.ENABLED: logger.warning( "PANOPTIC_FPN.COMBINED.ENABLED is no longer used. " " model.inference(do_postprocess=) should be used to toggle postprocessing." ) if cfg.MODEL.PANOPTIC_FPN.INSTANCE_LOSS_WEIGHT != 1.0: w = cfg.MODEL.PANOPTIC_FPN.INSTANCE_LOSS_WEIGHT logger.warning( "PANOPTIC_FPN.INSTANCE_LOSS_WEIGHT should be replaced by weights on each ROI head." ) def update_weight(x): if isinstance(x, dict): return {k: v * w for k, v in x.items()} else: return x * w roi_heads = ret["roi_heads"] roi_heads.box_predictor.loss_weight = update_weight(roi_heads.box_predictor.loss_weight) roi_heads.mask_head.loss_weight = update_weight(roi_heads.mask_head.loss_weight) return ret
def forward(self, batched_inputs): """ Args: batched_inputs: a list, batched outputs of :class:`DatasetMapper`. Each item in the list contains the inputs for one image. For now, each item in the list is a dict that contains: * "image": Tensor, image in (C, H, W) format. * "instances": Instances * "sem_seg": semantic segmentation ground truth. * Other information that's included in the original dicts, such as: "height", "width" (int): the output resolution of the model, used in inference. See :meth:`postprocess` for details. Returns: list[dict]: each dict has the results for one image. The dict contains the following keys: * "instances": see :meth:`GeneralizedRCNN.forward` for its format. * "sem_seg": see :meth:`SemanticSegmentor.forward` for its format. * "panoptic_seg": See the return value of :func:`combine_semantic_and_instance_outputs` for its format. """ if not self.training: return self.inference(batched_inputs) images = self.preprocess_image(batched_inputs) features = self.backbone(images.tensor) assert "sem_seg" in batched_inputs[0] gt_sem_seg = [x["sem_seg"].to(self.device) for x in batched_inputs] gt_sem_seg = ImageList.from_tensors( gt_sem_seg, self.backbone.size_divisibility, self.sem_seg_head.ignore_value, self.backbone.padding_constraints, ).tensor sem_seg_results, sem_seg_losses = self.sem_seg_head(features, gt_sem_seg) gt_instances = [x["instances"].to(self.device) for x in batched_inputs] proposals, proposal_losses = self.proposal_generator(images, features, gt_instances) detector_results, detector_losses = self.roi_heads( images, features, proposals, gt_instances ) losses = sem_seg_losses losses.update(proposal_losses) losses.update(detector_losses) return losses def inference(self, batched_inputs: List[Dict[str, torch.Tensor]], do_postprocess: bool = True): """ Run inference on the given inputs. Args: batched_inputs (list[dict]): same as in :meth:`forward` do_postprocess (bool): whether to apply post-processing on the outputs. Returns: When do_postprocess=True, see docs in :meth:`forward`. Otherwise, returns a (list[Instances], list[Tensor]) that contains the raw detector outputs, and raw semantic segmentation outputs. """ images = self.preprocess_image(batched_inputs) features = self.backbone(images.tensor) sem_seg_results, sem_seg_losses = self.sem_seg_head(features, None) proposals, _ = self.proposal_generator(images, features, None) detector_results, _ = self.roi_heads(images, features, proposals, None) if do_postprocess: processed_results = [] for sem_seg_result, detector_result, input_per_image, image_size in zip( sem_seg_results, detector_results, batched_inputs, images.image_sizes ): height = input_per_image.get("height", image_size[0]) width = input_per_image.get("width", image_size[1]) sem_seg_r = sem_seg_postprocess(sem_seg_result, image_size, height, width) detector_r = detector_postprocess(detector_result, height, width) processed_results.append({"sem_seg": sem_seg_r, "instances": detector_r}) panoptic_r = combine_semantic_and_instance_outputs( detector_r, sem_seg_r.argmax(dim=0), self.combine_overlap_thresh, self.combine_stuff_area_thresh, self.combine_instances_score_thresh, ) processed_results[-1]["panoptic_seg"] = panoptic_r return processed_results else: return detector_results, sem_seg_results def combine_semantic_and_instance_outputs( instance_results, semantic_results, overlap_threshold, stuff_area_thresh, instances_score_thresh, ): """ Implement a simple combining logic following "combine_semantic_and_instance_predictions.py" in panopticapi to produce panoptic segmentation outputs. Args: instance_results: output of :func:`detector_postprocess`. semantic_results: an (H, W) tensor, each element is the contiguous semantic category id Returns: panoptic_seg (Tensor): of shape (height, width) where the values are ids for each segment. segments_info (list[dict]): Describe each segment in `panoptic_seg`. Each dict contains keys "id", "category_id", "isthing". """ panoptic_seg = torch.zeros_like(semantic_results, dtype=torch.int32) # sort instance outputs by scores sorted_inds = torch.argsort(-instance_results.scores) current_segment_id = 0 segments_info = [] instance_masks = instance_results.pred_masks.to(dtype=torch.bool, device=panoptic_seg.device) # Add instances one-by-one, check for overlaps with existing ones for inst_id in sorted_inds: score = instance_results.scores[inst_id].item() if score < instances_score_thresh: break mask = instance_masks[inst_id] # H,W mask_area = mask.sum().item() if mask_area == 0: continue intersect = (mask > 0) & (panoptic_seg > 0) intersect_area = intersect.sum().item() if intersect_area * 1.0 / mask_area > overlap_threshold: continue if intersect_area > 0: mask = mask & (panoptic_seg == 0) current_segment_id += 1 panoptic_seg[mask] = current_segment_id segments_info.append( { "id": current_segment_id, "isthing": True, "score": score, "category_id": instance_results.pred_classes[inst_id].item(), "instance_id": inst_id.item(), } ) # Add semantic results to remaining empty areas semantic_labels = torch.unique(semantic_results).cpu().tolist() for semantic_label in semantic_labels: if semantic_label == 0: # 0 is a special "thing" class continue mask = (semantic_results == semantic_label) & (panoptic_seg == 0) mask_area = mask.sum().item() if mask_area < stuff_area_thresh: continue current_segment_id += 1 panoptic_seg[mask] = current_segment_id segments_info.append( { "id": current_segment_id, "isthing": False, "category_id": semantic_label, "area": mask_area, } ) return panoptic_seg, segments_info