Source code for

# Copyright (c) Facebook, Inc. and its affiliates.
import copy
import itertools
import logging
from collections import defaultdict
from enum import Enum
from typing import Any, Callable, Dict, Iterable, List, Optional, Set, Type, Union
import torch
from fvcore.common.param_scheduler import (

from detectron2.config import CfgNode
from detectron2.utils.env import TORCH_VERSION

from .lr_scheduler import LRMultiplier, WarmupParamScheduler

_GradientClipperInput = Union[torch.Tensor, Iterable[torch.Tensor]]
_GradientClipper = Callable[[_GradientClipperInput], None]

class GradientClipType(Enum):
    VALUE = "value"
    NORM = "norm"

def _create_gradient_clipper(cfg: CfgNode) -> _GradientClipper:
    Creates gradient clipping closure to clip by value or by norm,
    according to the provided config.
    cfg = copy.deepcopy(cfg)

    def clip_grad_norm(p: _GradientClipperInput):
        torch.nn.utils.clip_grad_norm_(p, cfg.CLIP_VALUE, cfg.NORM_TYPE)

    def clip_grad_value(p: _GradientClipperInput):
        torch.nn.utils.clip_grad_value_(p, cfg.CLIP_VALUE)

        GradientClipType.VALUE: clip_grad_value,
        GradientClipType.NORM: clip_grad_norm,
    return _GRADIENT_CLIP_TYPE_TO_CLIPPER[GradientClipType(cfg.CLIP_TYPE)]

def _generate_optimizer_class_with_gradient_clipping(
    optimizer: Type[torch.optim.Optimizer],
    per_param_clipper: Optional[_GradientClipper] = None,
    global_clipper: Optional[_GradientClipper] = None,
) -> Type[torch.optim.Optimizer]:
    Dynamically creates a new type that inherits the type of a given instance
    and overrides the `step` method to add gradient clipping
    assert (
        per_param_clipper is None or global_clipper is None
    ), "Not allowed to use both per-parameter clipping and global clipping"

    def optimizer_wgc_step(self, closure=None):
        if per_param_clipper is not None:
            for group in self.param_groups:
                for p in group["params"]:
            # global clipper for future use with detr
            # (
            all_params = itertools.chain(*[g["params"] for g in self.param_groups])
        super(type(self), self).step(closure)

    OptimizerWithGradientClip = type(
        optimizer.__name__ + "WithGradientClip",
        {"step": optimizer_wgc_step},
    return OptimizerWithGradientClip

def maybe_add_gradient_clipping(
    cfg: CfgNode, optimizer: Type[torch.optim.Optimizer]
) -> Type[torch.optim.Optimizer]:
    If gradient clipping is enabled through config options, wraps the existing
    optimizer type to become a new dynamically created class OptimizerWithGradientClip
    that inherits the given optimizer and overrides the `step` method to
    include gradient clipping.

        cfg: CfgNode, configuration options
        optimizer: type. A subclass of torch.optim.Optimizer

        type: either the input `optimizer` (if gradient clipping is disabled), or
            a subclass of it with gradient clipping included in the `step` method.
        return optimizer
    if isinstance(optimizer, torch.optim.Optimizer):
        optimizer_type = type(optimizer)
        assert issubclass(optimizer, torch.optim.Optimizer), optimizer
        optimizer_type = optimizer

    grad_clipper = _create_gradient_clipper(cfg.SOLVER.CLIP_GRADIENTS)
    OptimizerWithGradientClip = _generate_optimizer_class_with_gradient_clipping(
        optimizer_type, per_param_clipper=grad_clipper
    if isinstance(optimizer, torch.optim.Optimizer):
        optimizer.__class__ = OptimizerWithGradientClip  # a bit hacky, not recommended
        return optimizer
        return OptimizerWithGradientClip

[docs]def build_optimizer(cfg: CfgNode, model: torch.nn.Module) -> torch.optim.Optimizer: """ Build an optimizer from config. """ params = get_default_optimizer_params( model, base_lr=cfg.SOLVER.BASE_LR, weight_decay_norm=cfg.SOLVER.WEIGHT_DECAY_NORM, bias_lr_factor=cfg.SOLVER.BIAS_LR_FACTOR, weight_decay_bias=cfg.SOLVER.WEIGHT_DECAY_BIAS, ) sgd_args = { "params": params, "lr": cfg.SOLVER.BASE_LR, "momentum": cfg.SOLVER.MOMENTUM, "nesterov": cfg.SOLVER.NESTEROV, "weight_decay": cfg.SOLVER.WEIGHT_DECAY, } if TORCH_VERSION >= (1, 12): sgd_args["foreach"] = True return maybe_add_gradient_clipping(cfg, torch.optim.SGD(**sgd_args))
[docs]def get_default_optimizer_params( model: torch.nn.Module, base_lr: Optional[float] = None, weight_decay: Optional[float] = None, weight_decay_norm: Optional[float] = None, bias_lr_factor: Optional[float] = 1.0, weight_decay_bias: Optional[float] = None, lr_factor_func: Optional[Callable] = None, overrides: Optional[Dict[str, Dict[str, float]]] = None, ) -> List[Dict[str, Any]]: """ Get default param list for optimizer, with support for a few types of overrides. If no overrides needed, this is equivalent to `model.parameters()`. Args: base_lr: lr for every group by default. Can be omitted to use the one in optimizer. weight_decay: weight decay for every group by default. Can be omitted to use the one in optimizer. weight_decay_norm: override weight decay for params in normalization layers bias_lr_factor: multiplier of lr for bias parameters. weight_decay_bias: override weight decay for bias parameters. lr_factor_func: function to calculate lr decay rate by mapping the parameter names to corresponding lr decay rate. Note that setting this option requires also setting ``base_lr``. overrides: if not `None`, provides values for optimizer hyperparameters (LR, weight decay) for module parameters with a given name; e.g. ``{"embedding": {"lr": 0.01, "weight_decay": 0.1}}`` will set the LR and weight decay values for all module parameters named `embedding`. For common detection models, ``weight_decay_norm`` is the only option needed to be set. ``bias_lr_factor,weight_decay_bias`` are legacy settings from Detectron1 that are not found useful. Example: :: torch.optim.SGD(get_default_optimizer_params(model, weight_decay_norm=0), lr=0.01, weight_decay=1e-4, momentum=0.9) """ if overrides is None: overrides = {} defaults = {} if base_lr is not None: defaults["lr"] = base_lr if weight_decay is not None: defaults["weight_decay"] = weight_decay bias_overrides = {} if bias_lr_factor is not None and bias_lr_factor != 1.0: # NOTE: unlike Detectron v1, we now by default make bias hyperparameters # exactly the same as regular weights. if base_lr is None: raise ValueError("bias_lr_factor requires base_lr") bias_overrides["lr"] = base_lr * bias_lr_factor if weight_decay_bias is not None: bias_overrides["weight_decay"] = weight_decay_bias if len(bias_overrides): if "bias" in overrides: raise ValueError("Conflicting overrides for 'bias'") overrides["bias"] = bias_overrides if lr_factor_func is not None: if base_lr is None: raise ValueError("lr_factor_func requires base_lr") norm_module_types = ( torch.nn.BatchNorm1d, torch.nn.BatchNorm2d, torch.nn.BatchNorm3d, torch.nn.SyncBatchNorm, # NaiveSyncBatchNorm inherits from BatchNorm2d torch.nn.GroupNorm, torch.nn.InstanceNorm1d, torch.nn.InstanceNorm2d, torch.nn.InstanceNorm3d, torch.nn.LayerNorm, torch.nn.LocalResponseNorm, ) params: List[Dict[str, Any]] = [] memo: Set[torch.nn.parameter.Parameter] = set() for module_name, module in model.named_modules(): for module_param_name, value in module.named_parameters(recurse=False): if not value.requires_grad: continue # Avoid duplicating parameters if value in memo: continue memo.add(value) hyperparams = copy.copy(defaults) if isinstance(module, norm_module_types) and weight_decay_norm is not None: hyperparams["weight_decay"] = weight_decay_norm if lr_factor_func is not None: hyperparams["lr"] *= lr_factor_func(f"{module_name}.{module_param_name}") hyperparams.update(overrides.get(module_param_name, {})) params.append({"params": [value], **hyperparams}) return reduce_param_groups(params)
def _expand_param_groups(params: List[Dict[str, Any]]) -> List[Dict[str, Any]]: # Transform parameter groups into per-parameter structure. # Later items in `params` can overwrite parameters set in previous items. ret = defaultdict(dict) for item in params: assert "params" in item cur_params = {x: y for x, y in item.items() if x != "params"} for param in item["params"]: ret[param].update({"params": [param], **cur_params}) return list(ret.values()) def reduce_param_groups(params: List[Dict[str, Any]]) -> List[Dict[str, Any]]: # Reorganize the parameter groups and merge duplicated groups. # The number of parameter groups needs to be as small as possible in order # to efficiently use the PyTorch multi-tensor optimizer. Therefore instead # of using a parameter_group per single parameter, we reorganize the # parameter groups and merge duplicated groups. This approach speeds # up multi-tensor optimizer significantly. params = _expand_param_groups(params) groups = defaultdict(list) # re-group all parameter groups by their hyperparams for item in params: cur_params = tuple((x, y) for x, y in item.items() if x != "params") groups[cur_params].extend(item["params"]) ret = [] for param_keys, param_values in groups.items(): cur = {kv[0]: kv[1] for kv in param_keys} cur["params"] = param_values ret.append(cur) return ret
[docs]def build_lr_scheduler( cfg: CfgNode, optimizer: torch.optim.Optimizer ) -> torch.optim.lr_scheduler._LRScheduler: """ Build a LR scheduler from config. """ name = cfg.SOLVER.LR_SCHEDULER_NAME if name == "WarmupMultiStepLR": steps = [x for x in cfg.SOLVER.STEPS if x <= cfg.SOLVER.MAX_ITER] if len(steps) != len(cfg.SOLVER.STEPS): logger = logging.getLogger(__name__) logger.warning( "SOLVER.STEPS contains values larger than SOLVER.MAX_ITER. " "These values will be ignored." ) sched = MultiStepParamScheduler( values=[cfg.SOLVER.GAMMA**k for k in range(len(steps) + 1)], milestones=steps, num_updates=cfg.SOLVER.MAX_ITER, ) elif name == "WarmupCosineLR": end_value = cfg.SOLVER.BASE_LR_END / cfg.SOLVER.BASE_LR assert end_value >= 0.0 and end_value <= 1.0, end_value sched = CosineParamScheduler(1, end_value) elif name == "WarmupStepWithFixedGammaLR": sched = StepWithFixedGammaParamScheduler( base_value=1.0, gamma=cfg.SOLVER.GAMMA, num_decays=cfg.SOLVER.NUM_DECAYS, num_updates=cfg.SOLVER.MAX_ITER, ) else: raise ValueError("Unknown LR scheduler: {}".format(name)) sched = WarmupParamScheduler( sched, cfg.SOLVER.WARMUP_FACTOR, min(cfg.SOLVER.WARMUP_ITERS / cfg.SOLVER.MAX_ITER, 1.0), cfg.SOLVER.WARMUP_METHOD, cfg.SOLVER.RESCALE_INTERVAL, ) return LRMultiplier(optimizer, multiplier=sched, max_iter=cfg.SOLVER.MAX_ITER)